Profiles of wind speed, temperature and turbulent fluxes of heat and momentum in the lowest 32 m have been measured at a station on an antarctic ice shelf. During the antarctic winter the surface layer often shows strong static stability, with temperature gradients as large as 1 Km−1 in the lowest few metres. the surface inversion is destroyed during periods of high wind speed but the wind profile shows significant deviation from the expected logarithmic form under such conditions. Measurements of stress at 5 m indicate that the roughness length of the snow surface is about lO−4 m. At 5 m height, the variations of the dimensionless wind shear, ϕm, and potential temperature gradient, ϕT, agree with previously determined forms of the Monin‐Obukhov similarity functions. Above 5 m, the behaviour of ϕm and ϕT is only qualitatively similar and surface‐layer similarity theory does not provide a good description of the profiles. Turbulence length scales have been deduced from vertical velocity power spectra. Under near‐neutral conditions, the ratio of turbulence length scale to measurement height is observed to decrease with increasing height of measurement. This observation is consistent with the variation of turbulence length scale with height implied by the measurements of ϕm. It is suggested that the stability of the overlying atmosphere restricts the depth of the turbulent boundary layer and hence the length scales of turbulence within this layer. Increasing stability causes a decrease of turbulence length scales at all levels. The ratios of turbulence kinetic energy to stress and temperature variance to heat flux are examined. Measurements are somewhat scattered, but the distribution of values varies little with height or stability. the form of the distribution suggests that large‐scale motions, possibly internal gravity waves, may be playing an important role in boundary‐layer processes.
Fisheries bycatch is a major threat to seabird populations, and understanding sex- and age-biases in bycatch rates is important for assessing population-level impacts. We analysed 44 studies to provide the first global assessment of seabird bycatch by sex and age, and used generalised models to investigate the effects of region and fishing method. Bycatch was highly biased by sex (65% of 123 samples) and age (92% of 114 samples), with the majority of samples skewed towards males and adults. Bycatch of adults and males was higher in subpolar regions, whereas there was a tendency for more immatures and females to be killed in subtropical waters. Fishing method influenced sex- and age-ratios only in subpolar regions. Sex- and age-biases are therefore common features of seabird bycatch in global fisheries that appear to be associated largely with differences in at-sea distributions. This unbalanced mortality influences the extent to which populations are impacted by fisheries, which is a key consideration for at-risk species. We recommend that researchers track individuals of different sex and age classes to improve knowledge of their distribution, relative overlap with vessels, and hence susceptibility to bycatch. This information should then be incorporated in ecological risk assessments of effects of fisheries on vulnerable species. Additionally, data on sex, age and provenance of bycaught birds should be collected by fisheries observers in order to identify regions and fleets where bycatch is more likely to result in population-level impacts, and to improve targeting of bycatch mitigation and monitoring of compliance.
A competition organised by foodservice supplier Coup de Pates is offering student chefs tickets to Taste of London.The supplier will be using Twitter to give away a pair of free tickets for the Taste of London show, where it will be creating patisserie and dessert options for visitors to see and buy.The Coup de Pates #FirstTaste competition is set to run from now until 6 June. The giveaway is open to student chefs from across the UK, and is a continuation of its Chefs de l’Avenir (Chefs of Tomorrow) programme, launched last year, which is focused around championing the next generation of pastry talent. All entrants need to do to be in with a chance of scooping the tickets is go to @CoupdepatesUK and tweet using the hashtag #FirstTaste – the company will then choose the winner out of a hat.Mariam French, head of marketing and product development for Coup de Pates, said: “The crux of Chefs de l’Avenir is to safeguard a future for British pastry skills, as one day it will be them talking up the mantle at events like this.”Last month Coup de Pates launched a new range containing more than 180 semi-prepared, reception, patisserie and fully-finished items.
Photo: Keith Griner Load remaining images Phish rolled into Nashville, TN with high expectations. Having just completed a generally well-regarded three-night-run at the beloved Hampton Coliseum, the band touched down at Nashville’s Ascend Amphitheater last night for the first of two shows, picking right up where they left off at The Mothership. Night one in Nasvhille saw an impressive 200+ show bust out, a killer second set “Mike’s Groove” featuring several standout jams, and an overall high level of energy from both the band and crowd alike, making for a special night at the smallest venue on their 2018 Fall Tour.Phish finished their final night at Hampton Coliseum with a rare second encore of “You Enjoy Myself”, however, they left some fans wanting more as they curiously did not play “Tweezer Reprise” following a huge “Tweezer” on Saturday night. Fans who were upset to not get “Reprise” in Hampton didn’t have to wait long for it in Nashville, as the band opened their first set with the high-octane rocker. Typically found in the encore, this marked the first time “Tweeprise” opened a show since 6/19/2010 at the Saratoga Performing Arts Center. Afterward, drummer Jon Fishman wasted no time starting “Party Time”, which always acts as a catalyst for crowd energy–especially when keyboardist Page McConnell shows off his chops on the clavinet and the organ–and that energy was harnessed perfectly as the band moved into “Free”.Phish then offered up “Old Home Place” for the first time in 2018, before turning in a decidedly standard take on “Lawn Boy”. Next up, the band busted out the Velvet Underground classic “Cool It Down”, a song that harkens back to the band’s 1998 Halloween cover of Loaded. The rarity, played only eight times total since its original Halloween debut, was last played in Long Beach in 2012, with the 229 show gap making “Cool It Down” Phish’s second biggest bust out of 2018 (Mellow Mood on 9/2/2018 had a 257 show gap).After raucous versions of “Theme From The Bottom” and “Funky Bitch”, the band really let loose with an exploratory “Kill Devil Falls” that saw them flex their improvisational muscles. Trey Anastasio danced his fingers up and down the neck of his guitar while McConnell pounded on his grand piano, with the two intertwining for a short-but-significant effort. “Wolfman’s Brother” allowed the band to lock in for a funk rock jam, with McConnell once again laying down the foundation as Anastasio filled in the melodic blanks, pushing things into another gear with a raging solo. Finally, the band ended the first set on a high note with a particularly rocking version of “Character Zero”.“Mike’s Song” kicked off set two, with the band launching into some intergalactic improvisation right out of the gates. This version featured a type II first jam, and a coveted “second Mike’s jam” at the end of the song, with drummer Jon Fishman landing on a repetitive percussive groove as the band pushed into a supremely dark vibe. McConnell led the band through the darkness towards a slick transition into a spooky, funkified “Ghost”. As the band pushed further and further into dark psychedelia, Anastasio was locked in, focusing on his delay pedal in a way that allowed the rhythm section to coalesce around Mike Gordon‘s foundational bass licks.Following the powerful thirty-minute one-two punch to open the set, the relatively well-liked newer song “Everything’s Right” kept things moving, with more funky bass licks from Gordon, ethereal guitar playing from Anastasio, and McConnell leaning deeply into his arsenal of synthesizers. Just as things started to get really weird, the chunky guitar intro to “Set Your Soul Free” emerged. The band wasted little time here, as they quickly worked through the song and went right back to their locked-in improvisation. Following a quick trip to his pedal board, Anastasio’s guitar sound pierced through, with McConnell again utilizing his grand piano, the two of them encouraging the rest of the band to push their intensity more and more. The pair chased each other around the jam, trading off leading and following as they latched on to each other’s melodies and rhythms.McConnell switched over to his electric piano, moving the jam into a more ambient space, eventually dissolving into a rare version of “When The Circus Comes” by Los Lobos, the first version since last summer’s Baker’s Dozen residency at Madison Square Garden. The band kept “When The Circus Comes” short and sweet, with Fishman starting the familiar opening drumbeat to “Weekapaug Groove”, which would act as the second-set-closer. This version of Weekepaug saw McConnell take the lead, once again pushing the band with his playing on the grand piano, his go-to weapon all night long. Anastasio offered up Plinko-style comping, letting his rhythmic playing do the talking before the jam moved into a blissful state, with a prominent tease of “Third Stone From The Sun” by The Jimi Hendrix Experience guiding the band towards a massive peak.For the encore, the band turned to an old favorite, “Loving Cup” by The Rolling Stones, perhaps the perfect choice to end the show following such an ambitious second set. Always a reliable closer, “Loving Cup” surely didn’t disappoint, with Anastasio delivering fiery blues licks throughout as the band brought the marvelous mid-week show to an end.Phish was certainly in fine form on night one in Nashville, continuing the trend from this past weekend’s shows at Hampton Coliseum in a big way. Phish returns for night two at the Ascend Amphitheater tonight (Wednesday, October 24th), before hitting the Allstate Arena in Rosemont, IL for three nights. Of course, this is all leading up to Phish’s big four-night Halloween run at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas, set to take place October 31st – November 3rd.“Set Your Soul Free”[Video: Gregory Marcus]Weekapaug Groove[Video: Gregory Marcus]Setlist: Phish | Ascend Amphitheatre | Nashville, TN | 10/23/2018Set I: Tweezer Reprise > Party Time, Free, Old Home Place, Lawn Boy, Cool It Down, Theme From The Bottom, Funky Bitch, Kill Devil Falls > Wolfman’s Brother > Character ZeroSet II: Mike’s Song -> Ghost, Everything’s Right > Set Your Soul Free > When The Circus Comes > Weekapaug Groove.Encore: Loving Cup
This fall, the Harvard Law School Green Living Program and Harvard Law School Library teamed up to launch Read & Ride BikeShare, a new program that provides free short- and long-term bike loans to all HLS community members. The bike-share kickoff event was hosted Sept. 23 at Langdell Library’s Love Your Library Fest.The program was dreamed up by library staff looking for a way to help their FRIDA (document delivery) assistants get around more easily. The employees decided bikes could help the assistants could make their delivery trips more efficiently, helping to reduce faculty wait time for requested resources. During the course of brainstorming, they realized they could use existing Hollis library check-out technology to loan out bikes the same way they loan out books, and decided to expand the vision to include all HLS community members.As Harvard Law School Library Circulation Supervisor Derek Curtis explains, “the idea was pretty obviously a win for our patrons: Not all students have bikes or the money to purchase a bike, and this program would allow more students and patrons in general the chance to explore Boston on a handy & free set of wheels.” The program is also supported and co-maintained by students in the Green Living Program, who encourage using bikes as an emissions-free transportation alternative for getting around campus and Harvard Square.The current fleet is comprised of four bikes all donated by graduating students, and many community members hope to see this number grow as the program gains traction on campus.Green Living Representative Sameer Birring, J.D. ’13, says, “I’ve met many students here at HLS who want to ride a bike around Cambridge, but don’t want to buy one. The HLS bike sharing program makes it easy for students to access bikes without having to worry about buying a bike, maintenance, and parking. Once students realize how convenient and fun bicycling is, they’ll hopefully continue to cycle even after leaving HLS.”Bikes can be checked out from the Langdell Library circulation desk. To learn more or reserve bikes online, visit the Harvard Law School Library’s bike-share webpage.
Ever since the end of the aughts, Dell has been running a project that revolves around supporting female entrepreneurs: the Dell Women’s Entrepreneur Network (DWEN). Around that time, the question often arose – not least in the wake of the financial crisis – as to how enterprises could return to increased growth. One potential answer: companies led by women.The World Bank and the World Economic Forum drew the conclusion that female entrepreneurs could be decisive in effecting a shift towards increased growth in the global economy. This is because, taken as a total, female entrepreneurs possess economic power roughly equivalent to those of China and India combined. That vast resource should not be left untapped.However, research into this area also indicated that female executives and entrepreneurs often do not actually play the roles that they could in the economy. In most cases, this has nothing to do with the fact that women are often hindered or thwarted in their work. Usually, their inability to reach their full potential is due to ‘static’ framework conditions that have a negative impact. For example, these include disadvantages in access to capital or markets, or poor access to other resources such as technology or ‘the best and brightest’ staff – to say nothing of women’s need to catch up with their male counterparts in terms of informal networking, a phenomenon that I can confirm from personal experience. In the established business networks that men have often built up over many years, an ‘old boys club’ attitude still prevails – which, of course, nobody would ever actually admit out loud.That is why DWEN has, from the very start, operated as an international networking platform for women in leadership positions, forming a network and community of like-minded women that also opens up direct access to valuable resources. At the many and highly popular annual DWEN meetings, which have been held at sites including New Delhi, India, Cape Town, South Africa, Berlin, Germany, and, recently, San Francisco, we lived up to our promise and created a platform for making new contacts, one that women use to share their professional experiences. DWEN is a success story; and since women still aren’t where they could – and should – be in the business world, it will continue to serve as an important stimulus towards making that happen.Addressing factors on a local scale: DWEN’s WE Cities IndexOf course, DWEN has not contented itself with merely building an international networking platform. Another pillar of the work we do – in the broadest sense – is lobbying for female entrepreneurs. We want to instill within decision-makers in the fields of business and politics a sense of how important a role women-led companies can play in the global economy.Our effort towards this end particularly includes the Women Entrepreneur Cities (WE Cities) Index, which was informed by numerous experiences gathered through the DWEN campaign.WE Cities takes a different focus – as its name suggests, instead of focusing on countries, it focuses on cities. The WE Cities Index evaluates various cities’ potential for female entrepreneurs. It is a gender-specific index that researches the conditions for companies founded by women in the respective cities. The index also makes it possible to summarize the effects of local politics and measures for promoting women at the workplace.Of course, since studies are always bound to a certain scope, only a limited selection of cities could be taken into account: 50 cities in total were researched and evaluated along the criteria of access to capital, technology, education, and markets, as well as cultural factors. Out of 72 indicators in total, 45 had a gender-specific component.The 50 cities were selected for their general, gender-independent reputations as hubs of innovation, as well as for geographical aspects – in other words, these are cities from all parts of the world.Two German cities were included in the index: Berlin and Munich. Berlin took 21st place in the overall ranking; in the ‘Markets’ category it attained 8th place, and took an impressive third for costs of technology. Meanwhile, Munich only took 31st place in the overall ranking. The Bavarian state capital came away in 13th place in ‘Culture’ and a mere 42nd in access to capital.I want to strongly discourage against conceiving of the selected cities as being in a competition for the best spots, turning the index into a mere comparison of figures, and obsessing over where we stand. It is far, far more important that the (political) powers that be in the selected cities take the data and information from the WE Cities Index as a tool that they can use to critically assess and review their own efforts towards promoting female entrepreneurs. The index is meant to serve as a way of identifying needs for optimization.I also do not wish to address the individual results and the rankings of the 50 cities at this point in time. Instead, I would prefer to point out two things that I found particularly interesting.Firstly, there is a great deal of room to improve. Although New York City came in first in the overall ranking, at 63 out of a potential 100 points, even number one has significant potential for optimization. NYC is still a long way away from being an ideal city for female executives and entrepreneurs. In other words, nothing is set in stone.Secondly, the rankings in the individual categories vary widely – no one city is leading the way in terms of all criteria, and no one city is bringing up the rear on all fronts, either. For example, Lima, the Peruvian capital, is lagging far behind in terms of access to capital, but offers comparatively good opportunities for market access. This means that even lower-ranking cities have areas in which they are doing well.Taken as a whole, WE Cities shows that there remains a great deal of work to be done – women stand to achieve more than is currently the case. The digital transformation represents a vast entrepreneurial challenge, one that calls for drawing upon all available resources. No society can afford to leave valuable resources – such as a qualified female workforce – untapped.
52 Coal Companies Among Norway Divestiture Sales FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Stine Jacobsen for Reuters:Norway’s $863 billion (£610.3 billion) sovereign wealth fund, the world’s biggest, said on Thursday it had sold shares in 52 coal-dependent companies from its portfolio as part of a policy to fight climate change.A Reuters calculation showed the stakes sold were worth at least $1 billion at the end of 2014, before the fund started big divestments from coal. The biggest holdings included a $188 million stake in CLP Holdings (0002.HK).Norway’s parliament agreed last year to make the fund, built on revenues from the country’s vast offshore industry, sell out of companies that derive more than 30 percent of their turnover or activity from coal.The fund listed U.S. firms American Electric Power Co Inc (AEP.N), AES Corp (AES.N) and Allete Inc (ALE.N) among the firms, along with China Coal Energy Co Ltd (601898.SS) and Coal India (COAL.NS), the world’s biggest coal miner by output.Global coal producer Peabody Energy Corp (BTU.N), which filed for bankruptcy on Wednesday, was also on the list. The fund expects to exclude more firms from its investment universe amid the new rule.Full article: Norway’s $863 billion wealth fund bans 52 coal-linked firms
The BOE also says it’s happy to see people social distancing in line, wearing masks, and taking other safety precautions. And the BOE says that as of 12p.m. on Oct. 29 they have received over 11,000 ballots. They say they of course expect more, but add that they will not be counting them until election night. After the second day of early voting, officials say there was a 5% voter turnout in the county. Officials say if numbers remain, it could lead to a record voting turnout for Broome County. The BOE said it didn’t quite know what to expect, having received so many absentee ballot requests, and as it is the first time a Presidential Election has had early voting in the state of New York. The BOE said they were shocked but thrilled by the turnout. ENDICOTT (WBNG) — The Board of Elections has expanded early voting hours after seeing a huge increase in turnout. They say they expanded hours from 9a.m-5p.m Wednesday through Sunday. The last day to vote early is November 1st.
In the first six months of the year, BTN’s total loan disbursement increased just 0.32 percent to Rp 251.84 trillion yoy.With that, BTN, which focuses on mortgages, saw a 41 percent fall in profit yoy in the year’s first half to Rp 768 billion in net profit during the period.Its housing loans grew 0.96 percent yoy to Rp 228.92 trillion from Rp 226.75 trillion, backed by the subsidized mortgage segment, which grew 5.84 percent yoy while other segments within the housing loans sector contracted. Meanwhile, to boost its collection system, the bank is conducting efforts such as establishing two new divisions to accelerate the settlement of bad loans while improving its loan restructuring business process, according to Nixon.BTN reported a jump in its non-performing loan (NPL) ratio to 4.71 percent as of June, much higher than the 3.32 percent ratio recorded in the same period last year. It expects to further lower the ratio to 4.5 percent by the end of the year.Indonesian banks’ NPL, at the same time, reached 3.1 percent in June this year.The bank is also developing its digital platform as the pandemic has accelerated digital adoption among its customers. The bank saw its mobile banking and internet banking users soar 29.88 percent and 139.25 percent, respectively, in the first half of the year in comparison to the same period last year.The value of mobile banking transactions rose 31.52 percent yoy to Rp 5.69 trillion while its internet banking transaction value increased 13.90 percent yoy to Rp 492.66 billion.The digital system has also aided its loan growth, as it eyes a 5 to 6 percent increase in loan and financing this year, lower than the initial target of 8 to 10 percent.“During the pandemic, BTN has to always keep up with the macroeconomic trend and the industry, so then adjustment of the business target has to continue,” BTN chief economist Winang Budoyo said.The bank reported significant growth in its online property portal btnproperti.co.id. In the first half of this year alone, it saw 2.91 million visitors and almost 12,000 loan applicants, with loans totaling Rp 697.58 billion. The bank’s shares, traded on the IDX under the code BBTN, slipped 0.32 percent to Rp 1,565 per share on Wednesday, on the other hand, the benchmark Jakarta Composite Index (JCI) gained 0.03 percent. Topics : State-owned Bank Tabungan Negara (BTN) is aiming to focus on improving its asset quality this year and boost low-cost funds amid rising bad loans and eroded profits during the COVID-19 outbreak.The bank’s finance, planning and treasury director Nixon LP Napitupulu stated that among the bank’s strategies was attracting more low-cost funds with a bundled product called the BTN Solusi program, as well as strengthening its collection management system.“We are bundling [our products], if they [companies] want to do their payroll with us, we will give a housing loan rate of 6.99 percent. The purpose is to attract people to save or move their payroll to BTN,” Nixon said during a virtual event hosted by the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) on Tuesday. As of June 30, the bank had attained almost 16,000 new payrolls from the program.BTN recorded a 2.99 percent year-on-year (yoy) increase of third-party funds in the first half of the year to Rp 226.3 trillion (US$15.4 billion), while Indonesian banks’ third-party funds grew 7.95 percent annually in June.BTN has revised down its third-party funds growth target to between 8 and 9 percent this year, much lower than its initial target of 13 to 15 percent.“Our third-party funds have strengthened during the pandemic, and it is especially having an effect on our liquidity. Because our loan growth is lower than under normal circumstances,” Nixon added.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo will depart for Japan on Sunday but will not go to Mongolia and South Korea as originally planned, the State Department said on Saturday, after President Donald Trump was diagnosed and hospitalized due to the coronavirus.Initially, Pompeo planned to visit all three countries between Oct. 4 and Oct 8. He is still set to leave for Tokyo on Sunday but will be returning to Washington on Oct. 6 after consultations with his Japanese counterparts and attending a wider meeting with foreign ministers of India and Australia.Trump announced his illness in the early hours of Friday and was flown from the White House to Walter Reed National Military Medical Center near Washington. In a video from the hospital on Saturday, he said he felt ‘much better’ but the next few days will be ‘the real test’ of his treatment for COVID-19. Topics : In a speech delivered virtually earlier to the Florida Family Policy Council, Pompeo said he was in good health but that he canceled his in-person appearance at the event “out of an abundance of caution.” He said he still planned to go to Asia.”You should know that I’m feeling fine, I’m doing great. I’ve been tested twice in two days. I’m as healthy as I’ve been. And I intend still – I have a trip that I’m planning to take to Asia tomorrow,” he said.In a statement, the State Department said Pompeo was expecting to travel to Asia again in October and will work to reschedule the visits in his original itinerary.Pompeo’s visit to East Asia, his first to the region in over a year, comes at a time when US ties with Beijing are at their worst in decades. Apart from Trump, the coronavirus has infected his wife Melania and several Republican senators, as well as millions of other Americans.