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Indonesia ranks 57th in Inclusive Internet Index, among the lowest in the world

first_imgProgress on creating widely accessible and affordable internet access in Indonesia is slow, with a recent study placing Indonesia 57th among 100 countries on the Inclusive Internet Index, indicating there is still a huge amount of work to be done when it comes to building a fully functioning digital economy.The study, titled The Inclusive Internet Index, produced annually by The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) and commissioned by Facebook this year, placed Indonesia in the lower half globally and fourth among other lower-middle-income countries when it comes to its internet inclusiveness.The index measures four aspects: availability, affordability, relevance and the readiness of people in using the internet. Out of 100 points, Indonesia scored 66.4 in 2020, a disappointing increase from the 65.4 the country scored in 2017, as reported by a similar study commissioned by Internet.org. To put it into perspective, Indonesia was placed 35 out of 75 countries on the index in 2017, just one spot above India, which scored 64.4 that year. However, in the span of three years, India managed to improve by 7.3 points to rank 46 out of 100 countries in 2020. It is a far cry from Indonesia’s one point improvement between 2017 and 2020.Read also: Indonesia taxes tech companies through new regulation“The results of this year’s index and survey demonstrate that even as internet access increases globally, the pace of growth is slowing, particularly in lower-income countries where expansion is needed most,” the 2020 report says.In describing Indonesia, the study wrote on its site, theinclusiveinternet.eiu.com that: “This populous Southeast Asian country experiences considerable difficulties in supporting internet inclusion in every area of the index except for trust and safety.” Wahyudi Djafar, a researcher and deputy director of the Institute for Policy Research and Advocacy (ELSAM), told The Jakarta Post on Wednesday that many factors contributed to Indonesia’s sluggish growth.Inequality in telecommunications infrastructure between regions — with network expansion programs still heavily focused in Indonesia’s more populated areas — is still a major issue. Unequal access to mobile devices and a lack of sufficient public policy to guide the growth of a digital nation were some others that Wahyudi pointed out.“Intervention from the government to ensure the right of access for every citizen is still non-existent,” Wahyudi said, adding that local providers were the ones dictating the price of data in the market based on their calculation and the competition between providers.Using the Hirschman-Herfindahl index, an index that measures the concentration of markets, the EIU reports that Indonesia’s broadband operators’ market share is at 6,570, which indicates a highly concentrated market. That means that the broadband industry, which provides digital subscriber line (DSL), fiber optics, cables and satellites, is near-monopolistic. It contributes to why, in terms of its fixed-line monthly broadband cost, Indonesia is ranked 74th out of 100 countries, according to data provided on the EIU site.Read also: Executive Column: Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella shares vision, tech potentialThe country does better in terms of its mobile phone cost for its prepaid tariff. The price of 1 GB of prepaid mobile data in Indonesia is around 1 percent of monthly gross national income (GNI) per capita, already within the range of affordable internet as described by the United Nations Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development, wherein 1 GB of mobile broadband data is priced at 2 percent or less of average monthly income.Wahyudi also noted that a policy founded on the idea of internet access as a fundamental right was still not present in the country, hence policy implementations in the country still lagged behind others who had built their digital agenda based on that idea.Sweden, for example, which has ingrained the notion that internet access is an enabler of exercising human rights, tops the 2020 Inclusive Internet Index as it has implemented progressive internet inclusion policies over the years, among them being promoting competition between Internet Service Providers (ISPs), as described in a journal on internet regulation.Moving into a digital society is already within the Indonesian government’s agenda. On the 2020-2024 National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN), the government highlighted the importance of mainstreaming the agenda of digital transformation to help achieve national development targets.The digital transformation project, listed as one of the country’s major projects according to the RPJMN, will receive an estimated Rp 50 trillion. The funds will be sourced from the state budget (APBN), regional budget (APBD), government-to-business cooperation (KPBU), state-owned enterprises and private entities.   Read also: Jokowi promises Microsoft simple regulation for data center investmentDespite the concerted effort, the government should be reminded that “there is more to inclusion than internet availability,” as the EIU report suggests, hinting at other important issues that needed to be addressed to create an inclusive digital society, including the issue of access gap between genders. “Although narrowing, the gender gap in access remains stubbornly wide,” the 2020 EIU report says, with men being on average 12.9 percent more likely than women to have internet access across the indexed countries.Topics :last_img read more

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McDowell won’t give up on Masters

first_imgGraeme McDowell insisted he would never consider not playing the Masters despite another frustrating experience at Augusta National. “It is a celebration of golf on my favourite golf course in the world. It is. I love it. But it’s unrequited. “Once I feel like I have got one up on this course it takes two back. I walk away still disappointed a little that I can’t score as well as I feel I should round this course. I threw away shots like confetti all week. ” I think it’s a puzzle you can solve. I realised my style of putting is not suited to Augusta. I’m going to have to work on a type of speed putting that’s going to be suitable. “You have to be a ‘front-edge’ putter like Bubba (Watson), I’ve never seen anyone roll in putts from six feet slower than Bubba. You have to drop them in and I have to adapt to do that round here.” McDowell’s score could have been even worse after he was initially given a one-shot penalty for moving his marker as he attempted to swat a bee away from his ball on the third green. However, European Tour chief referee John Paramor rescinded the penalty a few holes later and McDowell added: ” I said could he follow me the rest of the day because he was the first guy who has saved me a shot in a while.” McDowell carded a final round of 73 on Sunday to finish six over par and is now a combined 24 over for his eight appearances in the year’s first major championship. ” I can’t imagine not coming here,” the former US Open champion said. “It would be sacrilege not to play here no matter how much it frustrates you as you have to enjoy it for what it is. center_img Press Associationlast_img read more

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NEC Unwilling to Comply with Supreme Court’s Mandate?

first_imgIt appears that the NEC is insisting that there is nothing to clean up on the Final Registration Roll (FRR), contrary to a mandate by the Supreme Court.As preparations for the runoff election get underway, it appears that the National Elections Commission (NEC) seems unwilling to comply with the Supreme Court’s mandate to cleanup the Final Registration Roll (FRR) before the holding of the runoff election. NEC Chairman Korkoya’s continued insistence that the FRR is flawless and needs no cleanup was rebuffed by the Unity Party (UP) as well as the Coalition for Democratic Change (CDC) according to reliable sources.Sources say a meeting convened over the weekend by NEC with representatives from the UP and the CDC ended inconclusively as the NEC Chairman had no prepared agenda — as would have been expected — outlining procedures to be agreed and adopted  by both parties for the cleanup of the FRR, as mandated by the Supreme Court of Liberia in its recent ruling.Further, according to sources, the NEC Chairman, when requested to produce the FRR for scrutiny by the parties, failed to do so insisting outrightly that the FRR was indeed clean and stood in no further need of any cleanup as recommended and mandated by the Supreme Court. Prior to the Supreme Court ruling, NEC Executive Director Lamin Lighe had repeatedly said that despite the public outcry, there was nothing wrong with the FRR.In his words, “We have respect for the Supreme Court but it is good for us all to firstly establish the fact that there is actually a need to clean up the FRR. Is it not established today that the names of many voters which could not be found on the FRR earlier due to their wrong queuing for the October 10 elections later found? We have said and continue to say that that there is nothing wrong with the FRR.”Mr. Lighe has further argued that the few lapses the FRR has do not amount to a need for its nullification, more so in the name of a cleanup. He said the same multiple ID numbers used by voters across the country came due to some technical problems but promised that the Commission has put in place mechanism to curtail the many challenges experienced. He noted further that NEC is a law abiding agency and as such it is willing to follow what is right.But the inclusive results of the meeting held over the weekend with representatives of UP and CDC during which Chairman Korkoya refused to provide for scrutiny, copy of  the FRR which he claims is spotless, clearly contradicts any claims whatsoever by NEC Executive Director Lamin Lighe that NEC is a law abiding agency.When contacted for comment on the matter, a representative of the UP/Boakai campaign team (name withheld) informed the Daily Observer that the meeting was indeed held but no decisions were reached because the Chairman had no agenda which would have formed the basis for discussion. He said that attempts to convince Chairman Korkoya to produce the FRR in NEC’s possession proved futile as he (Korkoya) refused to accommodate their request.When contacted for comment, NEC spokesperson, Henry Flomo confirmed that the meeting was indeed held but he refused to divulge details of the meeting for fear of his comments being taken out of context by people he did not name. He suggested instead that the Daily Observer contact others who attended the meeting.For his part, the CDC national chairman, Nathaniel McGill when contacted said he was not at the meeting but had Moses Kollie, an executive of the party, was represented the CDC there. He declined to submit Kollie’s cell phone number for inquiry and as such the CDC’s official reaction to this latest development could not be addressed.Meanwhile, it remains to be seen whether the CDC and UP, jointly or singly would again seek the intervention of the Court to have its decision and mandate enforced. Some legal experts believe that any of the parties could elect to exercise such option and, even if the Supreme Court under the circumstances does grant relief, enforcement will ultimately fall on the shoulders of the Executive whose impartiality in this matter has been questioned and in some cases openly chastised.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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