Dec 27, 2005 (CIDRAP News) – The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) gave its blessing last week to the use of the antiviral drug oseltamivir (Tamiflu) to prevent influenza in children between the ages of 1 and 12.The FDA had previously approved oseltamivir for treating (but not preventing) flu in that age-group and for both treating and preventing flu in adolescents and adults. Many countries are stockpiling the drug to prepare for a possible flu pandemic.In announcing its move, the FDA cited a study of the spread of flu in households. The study involved more than 1,100 people, including 222 children aged 1 to 12 years.When someone in the household came down with flu, other household members received either no treatment (unless they became ill) or oseltamivir once a day for 10 days. Three percent of those who received the drug contracted flu, versus 17% of those who received no preventive treatment, the FDA said.”The benefit in children mirrored the benefit seen in older individuals in this and earlier studies,” the agency said.The indicated dosage for preventive use in children is 30 to 60 milligrams per day, depending on body weight, for 10 days, according to Roche Pharmaceuticals, manufacturer of oseltamivir, a Swiss-based company with US headquarters in Nutley, N.J. Preventive use should begin within 48 hours after exposure to the virus, the company said.”The approval of Tamiflu in this indication enables doctors to have a safe and effective medicine at hand to help prevent young children from getting influenza,” said William M. Burns, CEO of Roche’s Pharma division, in a company news release. The company noted that children younger than 2 years are as likely as those over age 65 to be hospitalized if they get the flu.In studies, side effects of the prophylactic use of oseltamivir were similar to the side effects of treatment, the FDA said. The most common side effects were nausea, vomiting, headache, and fatigue. Vomiting was more common with twice-daily dosing than with once-daily dosing.”In the current study, children reported higher rates of vomiting than adults but this was observed to be dose-related,” the FDA said. No new side effects were seen in the study, but the agency has asked Roche for more post-marketing data on the safety of the drug.In November the FDA announced that a thorough review of post-marketing safety data on oseltamivir had revealed a few reports of severe rash and allergic-like skin reactions that might have been drug-related. As a result, the agency ordered that a new warning about the possibility of serious skin reactions be added to the drug label.In the same safety review, the FDA also examined reports of 12 deaths in Japanese children who were taking oseltamivir and concluded that the deaths were unrelated to the drug. The agency determined that the deaths were part of a wave of flu-related encephalitis and encephalopathy cases in Japanese children that began before oseltamivir was approved.See also:Dec 22 FDA news releaseDec 22 Roche news releaseNov 18, 2005, CIDRAP News story “FDA panel: children’s deaths unrelated to Tamiflu”
Officials say at least 30 African migrants drown near Yemen South Africa’s game hunting industry says the decision by two major airlines to ban the transportation of hunting trophies will severely affect their business. South African Airways and Emirates have both implemented a ban on international hunters flying their wildlife trophies home with them. However as CCTV’s Julie Scheier reports, unlike the game hunting sector, conservationists are pretty happy South African Companies Going Eco-Friendly Related Unique business model in Uganda helps artists tell the African story
In other results, Vihiga United were 2-0 winners away to Sony Sugar, Zoo FC drew 1-1 with Kariobangi Sharks while Bandari against Posta Rangers, Kakamega Homeboyz versus Mathare United and Chemelil Sugar against Nzoia Sugar ended in a goalless draw.-Developing story0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Wazito FC’s Joakim Omollo vie for the ball with Ulinzi’s Oliver Ruto. Photo/RAYMOND MAKHAYANAIROBI, Kenya, May 19 – Ulinzi Stars climbed to second in the Kenyan Premier League after seeing off Wazito FC 2-0 in a match played at the Ruaraka Sports Ground on Saturday.Elvis Nandwa produced a man of the match performance after netting a goal and setting up an assist.
A look back at some of this week’s top stories:County shocker: Benton tapped for top environmental jobState Sen. Don Benton, R-Vancouver, was tapped Wednesday to become Clark County’s director of environmental services in a surprise and controversial move by Commissioners David Madore and Tom Mielke.The two Republican commissioners’ action came about despite the angry objection of Democratic Commissioner Steve Stuart, who called the action “political cronyism.”Madore and Mielke directed County Administrator Bill Barron to begin the hiring process for Benton, saying it was unlikely a better candidate could be found, and the need to hire quickly required bypassing the county’s typical hiring practices.Barron said after the meeting he would call Benton to offer him the job.Messages left for Benton requesting comment went unreturned as of The Columbian’s press time.After chiding Madore and Mielke for circumventing the hiring process the county typically goes through, Stuart began to pack up his files and put on his suit coat.“I can’t even believe you guys are discussing that,” Stuart said. “This is disgusting. It really is. I’m done for the day. I am so sick. You gotta honor the organization, you gotta actually honor the integrity of the organization and the process to find the right people for the job. If after that process you find that he is the right person, God bless. Then you choose him. And you choose him with pride. But to choose him without even going through a process is diminishing and demeaning to him. It’s demeaning to Don Benton because it smacks of political cronyism that you would appoint him without a process. It is saying that he couldn’t make it through the process on his own accord with his own merits.”As Stuart left the room, Mielke told him, “you are way out of line.” Stuart snapped back: “You guys are out of line.”See continuing coverage here.Keeping track of crime in Clark CountyDo you feel safe on your home turf? The 2012 year-end crimes rates show where crime is concentrated in Clark County, and what kind of crimes these neighborhoods attract. But statistics and figures aren’t always what they appear to be. Click to enlarge