Progress on creating widely accessible and affordable internet access in Indonesia is slow, with a recent study placing Indonesia 57th among 100 countries on the Inclusive Internet Index, indicating there is still a huge amount of work to be done when it comes to building a fully functioning digital economy.The study, titled The Inclusive Internet Index, produced annually by The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) and commissioned by Facebook this year, placed Indonesia in the lower half globally and fourth among other lower-middle-income countries when it comes to its internet inclusiveness.The index measures four aspects: availability, affordability, relevance and the readiness of people in using the internet. Out of 100 points, Indonesia scored 66.4 in 2020, a disappointing increase from the 65.4 the country scored in 2017, as reported by a similar study commissioned by Internet.org. To put it into perspective, Indonesia was placed 35 out of 75 countries on the index in 2017, just one spot above India, which scored 64.4 that year. However, in the span of three years, India managed to improve by 7.3 points to rank 46 out of 100 countries in 2020. It is a far cry from Indonesia’s one point improvement between 2017 and 2020.Read also: Indonesia taxes tech companies through new regulation“The results of this year’s index and survey demonstrate that even as internet access increases globally, the pace of growth is slowing, particularly in lower-income countries where expansion is needed most,” the 2020 report says.In describing Indonesia, the study wrote on its site, theinclusiveinternet.eiu.com that: “This populous Southeast Asian country experiences considerable difficulties in supporting internet inclusion in every area of the index except for trust and safety.” Wahyudi Djafar, a researcher and deputy director of the Institute for Policy Research and Advocacy (ELSAM), told The Jakarta Post on Wednesday that many factors contributed to Indonesia’s sluggish growth.Inequality in telecommunications infrastructure between regions — with network expansion programs still heavily focused in Indonesia’s more populated areas — is still a major issue. Unequal access to mobile devices and a lack of sufficient public policy to guide the growth of a digital nation were some others that Wahyudi pointed out.“Intervention from the government to ensure the right of access for every citizen is still non-existent,” Wahyudi said, adding that local providers were the ones dictating the price of data in the market based on their calculation and the competition between providers.Using the Hirschman-Herfindahl index, an index that measures the concentration of markets, the EIU reports that Indonesia’s broadband operators’ market share is at 6,570, which indicates a highly concentrated market. That means that the broadband industry, which provides digital subscriber line (DSL), fiber optics, cables and satellites, is near-monopolistic. It contributes to why, in terms of its fixed-line monthly broadband cost, Indonesia is ranked 74th out of 100 countries, according to data provided on the EIU site.Read also: Executive Column: Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella shares vision, tech potentialThe country does better in terms of its mobile phone cost for its prepaid tariff. The price of 1 GB of prepaid mobile data in Indonesia is around 1 percent of monthly gross national income (GNI) per capita, already within the range of affordable internet as described by the United Nations Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development, wherein 1 GB of mobile broadband data is priced at 2 percent or less of average monthly income.Wahyudi also noted that a policy founded on the idea of internet access as a fundamental right was still not present in the country, hence policy implementations in the country still lagged behind others who had built their digital agenda based on that idea.Sweden, for example, which has ingrained the notion that internet access is an enabler of exercising human rights, tops the 2020 Inclusive Internet Index as it has implemented progressive internet inclusion policies over the years, among them being promoting competition between Internet Service Providers (ISPs), as described in a journal on internet regulation.Moving into a digital society is already within the Indonesian government’s agenda. On the 2020-2024 National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN), the government highlighted the importance of mainstreaming the agenda of digital transformation to help achieve national development targets.The digital transformation project, listed as one of the country’s major projects according to the RPJMN, will receive an estimated Rp 50 trillion. The funds will be sourced from the state budget (APBN), regional budget (APBD), government-to-business cooperation (KPBU), state-owned enterprises and private entities. Read also: Jokowi promises Microsoft simple regulation for data center investmentDespite the concerted effort, the government should be reminded that “there is more to inclusion than internet availability,” as the EIU report suggests, hinting at other important issues that needed to be addressed to create an inclusive digital society, including the issue of access gap between genders. “Although narrowing, the gender gap in access remains stubbornly wide,” the 2020 EIU report says, with men being on average 12.9 percent more likely than women to have internet access across the indexed countries.Topics :
After losing 3-1 to AshGold in Wednesday’s NC Special Tier 2 semi-final at the Accra Sports Stadium, Asante Kotoko head coach, C.K. Akonnor, believes that their failure to dominate the midfield was the cause of the reverse.Kotoko started well and took the lead after 5 minutes through Naby Keita but it went downhill for the Porcupine Warriors from that point as goals from Yusif Mubarik, Emmanuel Owusu and Mark Agyekum won the game for AshGold.For Kotoko, they lost the chance to make their second straight final of the season after beating Hearts of Oak to reach the finals of the Tier 1 competition and after the match, Akonnor, said that not being competitive in the middle of the park was the team’s undoing.“AshGold is strong in the midfield and that was a key part of our preparations. We planned to try to hold players like Appiah McCarthy, Abdul Latif Nabila but we did not do that.We allowed to play and it was our fault. I hammered on that (the fact that we had to deal with them) on several occasions during our meeting and discussions. We lost our tactical discipline and that was it.”Despite the admission of not being able to match AshGold, Akonnor stated that his team went into the game with a handicap as certain players were unavailable through injury.“At the moment, we have lost some key players and we are struggling in that regard. We did not intend backing off them. We wanted to control the midfield”The Reds do not have Richard Senanu and Maxwell Baako as they are out injured. In addition, there was some concern as Amos Frimpong, who was deployed as a midfielder against AshGold, limped off.He will have to be looked at before the final of the Tier 1 competition which is set for June 23 at the Baba Yara Stadium in Kumasi between Kotoko and Karela.
After being told to end his dream, Lee has finally reached his destination, but now another obstacle stands in front of him: In his first bout at super middleweight, he’ll be standing across one of the premier boxers at 168 pounds, a fighter who will try to destroy everything Lee has worked so hard to achieve. He knows he isn’t expected to walk out a champion. The betting circles have him as high as an 11-1 underdog.None of that matters to Lee. He plans on continuing to defy the odds in Sin City and having the championship belt wrapped around his waist.”I’ve envisioned this going many different ways and they all end with me winning,” Lee said confidently. “I know I can beat him. I know the best Mike Lee beats Caleb Plant and that’s exactly what’s going to happen.” “I’m so excited to be getting this opportunity,” Lee told Sporting News. “It’s the culmination of years of hard work and a long career. A lot of people didn’t think I’d get to this point. I always believed in it. Now, I just have to go out there and perform on July 20.”Join DAZN and watch more than 100 fight nights a yearThe Downers Grove, Ill., product has worked extremely hard to get to this point after it appeared as though it would never become a reality. In September 2012, things couldn’t have been going better for Lee. He was undefeated in 11 fights and someone to watch in the light heavyweight division. He was about to appear in a commercial for Subway during the 2013 Super Bowl. His star was shining bright. He was ready to break through. Then it all came to a screeching halt.Lee crumbled to the canvas after his back gave out during a workout session with then-trainer Ronnie Shields. Little did he know that his life was about to change significantly.Lee began suffering constant back and joint pain. He had headaches and was getting extremely sick. Eventually, he was diagnosed with an autoimmune disease known as ankylosing spondylitis. He still deals with the pain every day, from the time he wakes up in the morning to the time he goes to bed”My immune system was negatively impacting itself,” Lee said. “Essentially, I was in a hospital trying to figure out what was wrong with me.”Lee expected the disease to go away, which would allow him to return to the ring. Instead, he encountered a roadblock.”I was told that I would never box again,” Lee said. “That really infuriated me because every time someone tells me I can’t do something, I want to do it twice. Doctors are smart and know what they are doing. I knew, though, that they didn’t know what I had in my heart and I was a different human being.”I told them they were wrong, and I would figure it out and get back into the ring.”Eighteen months later, in April 2014, Lee made a miraculous return and scored a sixth-round TKO over Peter Lewison. Since then, Lee (21-0, 11 KOs) has won his next nine fights to earn a crack at Plant.THE BOOK OF CALEB: Tragedy, triumph, race defining Plant’s legacy Why did Lee return after being told it wouldn’t be in his best interests to fight? He could have a career outside boxing. He wouldn’t have to endure the rigors of a training camp or add to his physical pain.In his mind, he had no other choice but to drive himself, to keep pushing himself to the limit when almost everyone else would have folded their tents and called it a day, because all he wanted was that one shot at making history.”Quitting was never an option,” Lee, now 32, said. “I’m glad I didn’t because there were times I was injured or sick and could have walked away from it all. If anything, it proved how bad I wanted this more than those other things and how much of a dream this is for me and how much I was willing to sacrifice and put my body through. I’ve never done easy. I’ve taken a path most wouldn’t bother continuing on. Doing all of this has led me to July 20 and fighting to a world title on a national stage. It’s a dream come true.”People aren’t born with drive; it’s instilled in them. Lee got his from his parents, who grew up in inner-city Chicago having next to nothing. His parents gave him and his sister a life they themselves couldn’t have. They instilled morals in their children, and they always drove them to do more. “I want to be an inspiration to people that are either dealing with an autoimmune disease or dealing with injuries or sickness and believe they couldn’t do it and continue to try and push through,” Lee said. “That drive was something instilled in me at such a young age. I was always such a competitor and wanted to win. My dad told me at such a young age that tomorrow is promised to no one. As a kid, I had this weird thing inside me that I had to win every day like it was my last and really take chances and go for it.”That’s what my life has been all about. It’s about taking these chances and risks and going for what I love and not being apologetic about it. It’s definitely not an easy way to go. But at least I can go to bed at night knowing I went for it no matter what happens. I said that the day I turned pro. That’s how I choose to live my life in and out of the ring.” The goal for any boxer, from the time their career begins, is to become a world champion. Only some of them will succeed in that journey.A title shot is all Mike Lee has wanted ever since he chose the sweet science over a job on Wall Street after obtaining a finance degree from Notre Dame. Lee will finally get to live out his dream Saturday night when he steps through the ropes at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas to challenge Caleb Plant for the IBF super middleweight title. The bout is the lead-in to the Manny Pacquiao vs. Keith Thurman fight later that evening.