Progress on creating widely accessible and affordable internet access in Indonesia is slow, with a recent study placing Indonesia 57th among 100 countries on the Inclusive Internet Index, indicating there is still a huge amount of work to be done when it comes to building a fully functioning digital economy.The study, titled The Inclusive Internet Index, produced annually by The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) and commissioned by Facebook this year, placed Indonesia in the lower half globally and fourth among other lower-middle-income countries when it comes to its internet inclusiveness.The index measures four aspects: availability, affordability, relevance and the readiness of people in using the internet. Out of 100 points, Indonesia scored 66.4 in 2020, a disappointing increase from the 65.4 the country scored in 2017, as reported by a similar study commissioned by Internet.org. To put it into perspective, Indonesia was placed 35 out of 75 countries on the index in 2017, just one spot above India, which scored 64.4 that year. However, in the span of three years, India managed to improve by 7.3 points to rank 46 out of 100 countries in 2020. It is a far cry from Indonesia’s one point improvement between 2017 and 2020.Read also: Indonesia taxes tech companies through new regulation“The results of this year’s index and survey demonstrate that even as internet access increases globally, the pace of growth is slowing, particularly in lower-income countries where expansion is needed most,” the 2020 report says.In describing Indonesia, the study wrote on its site, theinclusiveinternet.eiu.com that: “This populous Southeast Asian country experiences considerable difficulties in supporting internet inclusion in every area of the index except for trust and safety.” Wahyudi Djafar, a researcher and deputy director of the Institute for Policy Research and Advocacy (ELSAM), told The Jakarta Post on Wednesday that many factors contributed to Indonesia’s sluggish growth.Inequality in telecommunications infrastructure between regions — with network expansion programs still heavily focused in Indonesia’s more populated areas — is still a major issue. Unequal access to mobile devices and a lack of sufficient public policy to guide the growth of a digital nation were some others that Wahyudi pointed out.“Intervention from the government to ensure the right of access for every citizen is still non-existent,” Wahyudi said, adding that local providers were the ones dictating the price of data in the market based on their calculation and the competition between providers.Using the Hirschman-Herfindahl index, an index that measures the concentration of markets, the EIU reports that Indonesia’s broadband operators’ market share is at 6,570, which indicates a highly concentrated market. That means that the broadband industry, which provides digital subscriber line (DSL), fiber optics, cables and satellites, is near-monopolistic. It contributes to why, in terms of its fixed-line monthly broadband cost, Indonesia is ranked 74th out of 100 countries, according to data provided on the EIU site.Read also: Executive Column: Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella shares vision, tech potentialThe country does better in terms of its mobile phone cost for its prepaid tariff. The price of 1 GB of prepaid mobile data in Indonesia is around 1 percent of monthly gross national income (GNI) per capita, already within the range of affordable internet as described by the United Nations Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development, wherein 1 GB of mobile broadband data is priced at 2 percent or less of average monthly income.Wahyudi also noted that a policy founded on the idea of internet access as a fundamental right was still not present in the country, hence policy implementations in the country still lagged behind others who had built their digital agenda based on that idea.Sweden, for example, which has ingrained the notion that internet access is an enabler of exercising human rights, tops the 2020 Inclusive Internet Index as it has implemented progressive internet inclusion policies over the years, among them being promoting competition between Internet Service Providers (ISPs), as described in a journal on internet regulation.Moving into a digital society is already within the Indonesian government’s agenda. On the 2020-2024 National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN), the government highlighted the importance of mainstreaming the agenda of digital transformation to help achieve national development targets.The digital transformation project, listed as one of the country’s major projects according to the RPJMN, will receive an estimated Rp 50 trillion. The funds will be sourced from the state budget (APBN), regional budget (APBD), government-to-business cooperation (KPBU), state-owned enterprises and private entities. Read also: Jokowi promises Microsoft simple regulation for data center investmentDespite the concerted effort, the government should be reminded that “there is more to inclusion than internet availability,” as the EIU report suggests, hinting at other important issues that needed to be addressed to create an inclusive digital society, including the issue of access gap between genders. “Although narrowing, the gender gap in access remains stubbornly wide,” the 2020 EIU report says, with men being on average 12.9 percent more likely than women to have internet access across the indexed countries.Topics :
Should they overcome that obstacle, the Nigerians will probably face 1976 champions Mouloudia Alger of Algeria, who reached the second-tier CAF Confederation Cup last-eight this season.North African clubs have dominated the Champions League for decades and the odds are against MFM, a club bankrolled by a popular pentecostal christian organisation.Defending champions Wydad Casablanca of Morocco, who edged Ahly 2-1 overall in the 2017 final, begin their defence against Stade Malien of Mali or Williamsville of the Ivory Coast.Malien won the Confederation Cup in 2009, but have never made the group stage of the Champions League in countless attempts.Williamsville are another club set to compete in the Champions League for the first time and inexperience could count against them when they tackle Stade.Record eight-time champions Ahly should not be unduly troubled by Kadiogo of Burkina Faso or Mounana of Gabon, who fell to Wydad this year after a first-round penalty shootout.After failing to reach the last two group stages, five-time title-holders TP Mazembe of the Democratic Republic of Congo should brush aside Ngaya of the Comoros or Songo of Mozambique.Share on: WhatsApp Plateau United FCJohannesburg, South Africa | AFP | Nigerian clubs Plateau United and Mountain of Fire and Miracles must clear intimidating hurdles if they are to reach the 2018 CAF Champions League group stage.The draw for the preliminary and first rounds in Cairo Wednesday delivered both debutants in the elite African club competition with tougher rivals than they would have wished for.National league winners Plateau drew fellow newcomers Eding Sport of Cameroon in the preliminary round with the two legs scheduled for successive weekends in February.Should United survive, they will confront Etoile Sahel of Tunisia, one of 10 teams in the 2018 line-up who have won the Champions League, during March.Etoile stunned overwhelming favourites Al Ahly of Egypt in the 2007 title decider by winning 3-1 in Cairo after a goalless first leg.Unlike Plateau, the Tunisian outfit are vastly experienced African campaigners and the only winners of all five present and past CAF club competitions.They reached the Champions League semi-finals this year, then imploded in the return match against Ahly and suffered a 6-1 thrashing in Alexandria.Etoile were among five former champions to receive byes into the round of 32 and will be expected to eliminate Plateau or Eding.Mountain of Fire and Miracles, whose club title is easily the most eye catching among the 59 title hopefuls, drew Real Bamako of Mali.
Facebook17Tweet0Pin0Submitted by Washington State Transportation CommissionMore than 2,000 drivers across Washington have turned in the keys and wrapped up their participation in the year-long Washington Road Usage Charge Pilot Project. The test-driving phase of the pilot began in February 2018 and over the course of 12 months, volunteers had the opportunity to test low-tech to high-tech options for recording miles driven, as well as multiple opportunities to share feedback about their experience.“It’s rare to have such a hands-on experience to test a potential new way to fund our transportation system. I’m thankful to our volunteers for their participation and dedication in helping inform the future of transportation in our state,” said Joe Tortorelli, chair of the WA RUC Steering Committee and member of the Washington State Transportation Commission that is leading this project. “We look forward to learning more about the results from the pilot test drive, which will influence the commission’s final report and recommendations to the governor, legislature and U.S. Department of Transportation.”The pilot’s primary goal was to test a potential new system to replace Washington’s gas tax, as cars become more and more fuel efficient. Additionally, the project was designed to ensure a variety of ways for participants to record miles – from low-tech to high-tech reporting methods – as well as to enable active feedback from participants on their experience. Participants were able to choose one of five methods to record their miles and were asked to periodically review mock invoices that compared how much they would pay under a road usage charge system compared to the current gas tax.Collectively, the project’s 2,000-plus test drivers reported 16 million miles driven statewide, sent in over 1,000 emails or phone calls and participated in three surveys. Participants sounded off on a variety of topics including privacy and data collection, compliance and administrative costs, fairness and equity, travel between states, and operational viability.With the test-driving phase complete, the WSTC will work with the WA RUC Steering Committee to review and analyze the data and volunteer feedback collected during the pilot. Findings and recommendations will be presented to the governor, legislature and USDOT in early 2020.