Reducing judicial backlogThere is still much more that can be undertaken by way of initiatives to further reduce the backlog of cases that have crippled the Judiciary’s ability to dispense justice in an efficient, effective and timely manner.This is the position of Guyana’s former Attorney General, Anil Nandlall, who on Thursday lauded the progress made over the last the ten years under the Canada-based Justice Education Society (JES) which has been providing enhanced training to judges, magistrates and policemen.He explained that the 2016 allocation of $25 million to be spent on establishmentActing Chief Justice Roxane George, SCof night court at the Georgetown Magistrates Courts was also a step in the right direction.His comments come on the heels of a statement made by acting Chief Justice Roxane George, SC, who highlighted the extent to which the backlog still persists, revealing that at the High Court level, between 4,500 and 5000 cases are on record. While she did highlight that cases encompass divorces, civil trial matters [and] full court matters, Justice George observed that 14 judges, included herself, are presiding over these matters.Nandlall, in an interview with Guyana Times, contended that the former PPP administration should be credited for the reduction, because of the initiatives which were implemented under successive PPP Legal Affairs Ministers and Attorneys General, which are still being undertaken by the current Government.“What we are witnessing now is the result of our initiatives which were embarked upon. Thousands of cases had to be cleared up before you could have seen the results,” he stressed.He, however, told this publication that more initiatives still have to be implemented to ensure that the reduction continues, chief of which is being to appoint additional judges to the bench.“We increased the complement of judges (and) special courts were established to deal with special matters. Perhaps the current ratio of judge to case clearly shows that we need more judges,” he stressed.The former minister, however, cautioned that while the payment package for judges is “reasonable”, the State has to be cognizant when taking on persons to fill the posts, given the nature of the profession.He called for more full court sittings in Berbice and Essequibo, saying that there is need to have more physical space to accommodate the additional judges.“We need to expand the courts in Essequibo and Berbice. What you have in Berbice is two judges sitting, one for Civil and the other (for) criminal. At any given time, one can easily double that without any hardship on the system,” Nandall stated.As with the Sexual Offences Court in Demerara, the former Legal Affairs Minister called for automated system in the courts, which would relieve Judges and Magistrates from the arduous task of writing all of what is said in court.“The voice recording equipment needs to be implemented and used. People were trained to use system and were trained to produce verbatim records within 24 hours. They need to use that system,” he urged.The Acting Chief Justice had explained to the Department of Public Information (DPI) that the High Court now operates under the Civil Procedures Rules which were introduced on February 6, 2017, as opposed to the “old High Court Rules”“There are a number of them that we call live matters in the sense that they are matters that will go to trial unless the parties agree to settle, but we also have a number of matters that will not be going to trial. Under the old High Court Rules, a judge must adjudicate to formally complete them,” DPI quoted her as saying.The acting CJ noted further that 1,500 matters are before the Court that require trials or a full hearing. The remaining, from estimation, will have to be passed through the Court for them to be formally closed. It was explained that under the Civil Procedures Rules, there are Fixed Date and statement of claim matters. For 2017, a total of 2,063 Fixed date applications was filed, and 1,452 were completed. Four hundred and forty (440) statements of Claim matters were filed, of which 54 were completed. For 2018, a total of 214 Fixed Date Applications were filed, with 95 completed. And 37 Statement of Claim matters were filed and 4 were completed. Judges are rotated to the other two counties each session for at least three months, DPI reported.When contacted on Thursday evening, Guyana Bar Association President Kamal Ramkarran was not available for comment.
EurekAlert posted a finding by University of Washington sociologists that “Family discipline, religious attendance, attachment to school cut levels of later violence among aggressive children.”Do we really need scientists to tell us the obvious? Everyone seems to know this except secular researchers. Solomon and Paul can tell the University of Washington all they need to know.(Visited 7 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
By offering these children a chance to own books, they hope that the sense of ownership will strengthen their interest in reading. (image: Read to Rise)In a bid to address some of the harsh realities of growing up in underprivileged areas, Read to Rise offers South African youth a chance to discover new worlds through reading.As one of the country’s core focuses, education is extremely important with regards to moulding the leaders of the future and arming them with the skills and knowledge necessary for them to lead productive lives and become contributing members of society.The Read to Rise non-government organisation (NGO) was established in 2013 by couple Athol Williams and Taryn Lock, who between them boast seven academic degrees and vast business experience.Born from their shared passion for literacy, education and helping others reach the heights of their potential, the Read to Rise organisation has been working with youth from under-resourced communities such as Mitchell Plain and its surrounding areas near Cape Town.“Athol grew up in Mitchells Plain so he knows the challenges that these young children face,” says Lock.With a large number of schools lacking properly stocked libraries – some lacking libraries all-together – the Read to Rise organisation offers children suitable reading material fitting for their age groups in an attempt to instil a love of reading early on in life.“Read to Rise aims to inspire children to read in under-resourced communities. As the name indicates, we firmly believe that children need to read in order to rise in their personal development and contribution to society,” says Lock. “We believe that children who love to read will excel at school and go on to become constructive citizens. It all starts with reading.”AN EARLY STARTAccording to Read to Rise, children in their foundational phase of education should be reading around 40 books a year that are suited to their level. Their findings suggest that children in the areas they operate read one or two books, which fall far short of the recommendation.This is due to the lack of motivation to pick up a book and read. To address this, Read to Rise visits to hold interactive reading sessions with the children.The organisation has taken a different angle when it comes to encouraging a good reading ethos amongst school children. By offering these children a chance to own books, they hope that the sense of ownership will strengthen their interest in reading.Lock says that they “believe that book ownership is important so give children their own new book to take home.“In addition, we place a Mini-Library – which is a brightly painted bookshelf which contains 50 new age-appropriate story books – in every classroom so that learners have access to these books.”Since its establishment, Read to Rise has visited children in more than 350 classrooms, handing out in excess of 2 800 books to pupils in Soweto and Mitchells Plain.Read to Rise has been working with youth from under-resourced communities such as Mitchell Plain and its surrounding areas near Cape Town.BOOKS IN THE NEW AGESpeaking on the role that books have in the age of tablets and smart phones, Lock says “books play a huge part in today’s age especially in the under-resourced, crime-ridden communities that we work with.“There is something special about holding a new book in your hands, turning the pages and reading it. Book ownership is important as it creates a sense of pride, responsibility and an enjoyment of reading. That’s exactly why we give a brand new, high quality book to every child.”PLAY YOUR PARTIf you’re looking to help the Read to Rise organisation you can visit their website at www.readtorise.co.za or email them at firstname.lastname@example.org.“Individuals can volunteer their time to read to children at schools, cover books in plastic at one of our “Cover & Coffee” sessions or offer their expertise to assist with our operations.” Lock explains.“Individuals or corporates can sponsor new books. It costs R45 to sponsor a new book for a learner or R3,200 to sponsor a Mini-Library for a class.”
A youth on Tuesday threw ink at Union Minister of State for Health and Family Welfare Ashwani Kumar Choubey when he was about to board his SUV after meeting dengue patients at the Patna Medical College and Hospital (PMCH).The youth, Nishant Jha, however, managed to escape.“The ink was thrown on public, democracy and the pillar of democracy,” said Mr. Choubey. “I condemn this act done by some lumpen elements nursing political ambition… the ink was thrown at journalists also”, he said while coming out. His SUV and the bodyguard too had sprinkles of ink. Later, the youth told a private news channel that he belonged to the Jan Adhikar Party (Secular) of former MP from Madhepura Rajesh Ranjan alias Pappu Yadav. “But, I threw ink at the Minister in my personal capacity as I was perturbed over the rising number of Dengue patients in the city and the government’s apathy to contain it”, he said.Mr. Yadav said later, “I have come from Delhi only this morning… and this incident should not be linked with my party as we do not know Nishant Jha. But this reflects the public outrage against the government”.After prolonged waterlogging in some areas of Patna from September 28 to October 6, the number of patients of dengue and gastro-enteritis had increased manifold at the government-run PMCH. On Monday, a seven-year-old died of dengue and several policemen at the policeline are said to be suffering from it. Sanjiv Chaurasia, a local BJP MLA, too is recuperating from the disease. The local civic and health department are engaged in fogging and sprinkling of bleaching powder to check spread of dengue but local residents said these were proving to be inadequate.
In an ominous sign for rival NTL teams, the Southern NSW Suns Mens and Womens team took centre stage at the Yass Touch Knockout, winning both the Mens and Womens A Grade divisions last weekend.The Suns Mens Open side defeated the Dusty Camels from Sydney’s Western Suburbs 11-10 in the final.Led by quality players including Matt Curran, Joel Willoughby, Brad Holden and Andrew Baggio, the Suns held off strong opposition to take the title.Young guns Jaden Kelly, Scott Naughton and Christian Lotter all debuted for the Suns at Open level, impressing coach Ian Stanley.For the Dusty Camels experienced Australian representative Tony Eltakchi, along with Nathan Jones and Daniel Rushworth, challenged the Suns into the dying seconds, thrilling the crowd.The Suns Womens Open team, coached by Tracey Bills, defeated the Subs from Castle Hill 10-7 in their final. Stacey Lapham, Nola Campbell, Debbie Steinhardt and Kerry Wardle led the way for the Subs.Australian Junior representatives Nicole Beck, Amanda Skwarko and Ashleigh Dobbins all made their debuts at Open level and played extremely well.In other NTL preview action, the Suns Womens 30’s and ACT Womens 20’s were both knocked out in the semi finals of the Womens Open, perhaps indicating their preparations for NTL are well on track. In the Mixed division final the Guns, who had traveled from Bondi for the knockout, proved too strong for Off The Hook from Gosford.With South Queensland Sharks representatives Amy Fong, Tara Mako and Riki Best in the Guns lineup, as well as Tony Eltakchi and Brad Davids, they took the final 16-7.Despite the large scoreline, the final was action packed with Off the Hook’s quick stepping players such as Dylan Hennessey and twins John and Maurice Kennedy dazzling the crowd, as well as their opposition on several occasions.In the Mens B Grade final the Hookies Heroes from Temora defeated the Bowral Boys 11-6 for back-to-back titles in the division.In the Mixed B Grade final Rip It from Penrith defeated the Incredibles 8-5 in the final.Reperchage Finals results:Womens division: Suns Womens 40’s team def the Chosen Few from Greenfield Park 11-2Mens B division: Mush Nush from Yass defeated the DHL Redbacks from Yass 8-7 Mixed A division: UNSW Bullets defeated the Misfits from Dapto 12-5Mixed B divisions: Bowral Brumbies defeated the Chosen Few 9-6Tournament organisers would like to thank the referees who all did a fantastic job over the weekend and helped the event continue it’s success. The Knockout was a great benefit for the Yass community bringing an estimated $250,000 in business to the area.
The research team plans to further focus on the molecular mechanisms that stimulate complex rearrangements in the body, through screening the genomic structures of fusion genes in other cancer types.Source:The Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)Journal reference:Kim, Y.T. et al. (2019) Tracing Oncogene Rearrangements in the Mutational History of Lung Adenocarcinoma. Cell. doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2019.05.013. We hope this work will help us get one step closer to precision medicine for lung cancer patients.” Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)May 31 2019Catastrophic rearrangements in the genome occurring as early as childhood and adolescence can lead to the development of lung cancer in later years in non-smokers. This finding, published in Cell, helps explain how some non-smoking-related lung cancers develop.Researchers at KAIST, Seoul National University and their collaborators confirmed that gene fusions in non-smokers mostly occur early on, sometimes as early as childhood or adolescence, and on average about three decades before cancer is diagnosed. The study showed that these mutant lung cells, harboring oncogenic seeds, remain dormant for several decades until a number of further mutations accumulate sufficiently for progression into cancer. This is the first study to reveal the landscape of genome structural variations in lung adenocarcinoma.Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, and lung adenocarcinoma is its most common type. Most lung adenocarcinomas are associated with chronic smoking, but about a fourth develop in non-smokers. Precisely what happens in non-smokers for this cancer to develop is not clearly understood.Researchers analyzed the genomes of 138 lung adenocarcinoma patients, including smokers and non-smokers, with whole-genome sequencing technologies. They explored DNA damage that induced neoplastic transformation.Lung adenocarcinomas that originated from chronic smoking, referred to as signature 4-high (S4-high) cancers in the study, showed several distinguishing features compared to smoking-unrelated cancers (S4-low).People in the S4-high group were largely older, men and had more frequent mutations in a cancer-related gene called KRAS. Cancer genomes in the S4-high group were hypermutated with simple mutational classes, such as the substitution, insertion, or deletion of a single base, the building block of DNA.But the story was very different in the S4-low group. Generally, mutational profiles in this group were much more silent than the S4-high group. However, all cancer-related gene fusions, which are abnormally activated from the merging of two originally separate genes, were exclusively observed in the S4-low group.Related StoriesTrends in colonoscopy rates not aligned with increase in early onset colorectal cancerSpecial blood test may predict relapse risk for breast cancer patientsStudy: Nearly a quarter of low-risk thyroid cancer patients receive more treatment than necessaryThe patterns of genomic structural changes underlying gene fusions suggest that about three in four cases of gene fusions emerged from a single cellular crisis causing massive genomic fragmentation and subsequent imprecise repair in normal lung epithelium.Most strikingly, these major genomic rearrangements, which led to the development of lung adenocarcinoma, are very likely to be acquired decades before cancer diagnosis. The researchers used genomic archaeology techniques to trace the timing of when the catastrophes took place.Researchers started this study seven years ago when they discovered the expression of the KIF5B-RET gene fusion in lung adenocarcinoma for the first time. Professor Young-Seok Ju, co-lead author from the Graduate School of Medical Science and Engineering at KAIST says, “It is remarkable that oncogenesis can begin by a massive shattering of chromosomes early in life. Our study immediately raises a new question: What induces the mutational catastrophe in our normal lung epithelium.”Professor Young Tae Kim, co-lead author from Seoul National University says:
Reviewed by Alina Shrourou, B.Sc. (Editor)Jun 23 2019Nearly 6% of athletes and non-athletes were found to have the neurodegenerative disorder chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) in the largest, and broadest, study conducted of the disease to date. The findings were published June 14 in the international journal Brain Pathology. Generally our findings point to CTE being more common in athletes and more common in football players, but this study is a bit more balanced and accurately reflects the general population compared to previous studies.”Lead author Kevin Bieniek, Ph.D., of UT Health San Antonio Dr. Bieniek led the research while at the Mayo Clinic before moving to Texas. He now directs the brain bank at the Glenn Biggs Institute for Alzheimer’s and Neurodegenerative Diseases, which is part of UT Health San Antonio.Unbiased screenCTE, linked with repetitive blows to the head, has been found in 80-99% of autopsied brains of pro football players. “Nobody has really looked at it from kind of an epidemiological perspective,” Dr. Bieniek said. “We compared people who played a sport with those who didn’t play. We studied both young and old people, and amateur players versus college and professional players. And we studied both men and women, which had not been done previously. What we aimed to do was an unbiased screen for CTE from all sorts of different cases.”Biographical information utilizedThe team scanned obituaries and high school yearbooks of 2,566 individuals whose brain autopsies are a part of the Mayo Clinic Tissue Registry. The study focused on a variety of contact sports: baseball, basketball, boxing, football, hockey, lacrosse, soccer and wrestling. Non-contact sports, such as golf and tennis, were excluded.This analysis identified 300 former athletes and 450 non-athletes. “We screened the brains of all of these cases for evidence of CTE in a blinded fashion, intentionally not knowing which brain tissue was related to which case,” Dr. Bieniek said.FindingsA small number of cases, 42, had CTE pathology (5.6% of the total). CTE was found in 27 athletes and 15 non-athletes, and in 41 men and one woman. American football had the highest frequency of CTE (15%) of the contact sports studied, with participation beyond high school resulting in the highest risk of developing CTE.Related StoriesStudy provides new insight into longitudinal decline in brain network integrity associated with agingStudy offers clues about how to prevent brain inflammation in Alzheimer’sIT Faces the Digital Pathology Data Tsunami”The 42 cases, or 6%, is more of a grounded, realistic number,” Dr. Bieniek said. “That might not seem like a lot, but when you consider there are millions of youth, high school and collegiate athletes in the United States alone who play organized sports, it has the potential of being a significant public health issue. There are many ongoing questions regarding CTE pathology, however, and we don’t want to discourage sources of healthy physical and cardiovascular activity like these sports. Rather, we emphasize safe strategies to reduce the possibility of head injuries and properly treat them when they are sustained.”Non-athletes’ casesThe identification of 15 CTE cases in non-athletes raises interesting questions, Dr. Bieniek said. “Did these people have trauma from another source?” he asked. “Were they actually athletes and we were unable to detect it from biographical information? Is there another disease with similar features?”Cases with CTE tended to be a bit older than the cases without it, and many CTE cases also showed evidence of Alzheimer’s disease. “At the Glenn Biggs Institute, we study the concept of multiple neurodegenerative disorders happening within the brain of a person who has dementia,” Dr. Bieniek said.The crucial role of donors”This is an important national study led by our brain bank director, Dr. Bieniek,” said Sudha Seshadri, M.D., professor of neurology at UT Health San Antonio and director of the Glenn Biggs Institute. “We have a great team of scientists at the Biggs Institute, and the brain bank is key to the research aims of these investigators. We are so grateful for the many patients and normal older persons who have signed on to be brain donors after their death. The program runs 24/7/365, is free to the family, and gives the family the peace and knowledge of a definitive diagnosis for their loved one’s condition.”Several studies related to traumatic brain injuries and CTE by Dr. Bieniek and his colleagues are currently ongoing at UT Health San Antonio, including how certain genetic variants might protect or put a person at higher risk for developing CTE. Source:University of Texas Health Science Center at San AntonioJournal reference:Bieniek, K.F. et al. (2019) Association between contact sports participation and chronic traumatic encephalopathy: a retrospective cohort study. Brain Pathology. doi.org/10.1111/bpa.12757.
© 2018 AFP Summer is the ideal time for breaking out a bottle of rose, but fans of French wine might think twice after millions of bottles were found to contain less costly Spanish tipple instead. Explore further ‘Question of price’Tensions have long simmered between winegrowers on either side of the Pyrenees, with French producers often accusing their Spanish rivals of unfair competition.In recent years French protests have blocked Spanish trucks from bringing their wine into the country, with demonstrators emptying their loads onto highways.Production surpluses in Spain have pushed down prices there, making the country’s wines a better deal for consumers—and a tempting substitute for some French distributors.”It’s a question of price,” Jerome Despey, a winegrower in the southern Herault region and member of the FNSEA agricultural union, told AFP.The two countries’ agriculture ministers met in Paris last summer to try to end the conflict, leading to a series of measures aimed at limiting price volatility, Despey said.Price increases across Europe following weather-related grape harvest shortfalls last year have also helped ease tensions.”We need to keep up the pressure with these inspections so this kind of thing can’t happen again,” Despey said, urging the government to impose stricter labelling rules.Delphine Geny-Stephann, France’s junior economy minister, said she had asked the fraud agency “to continue carrying out regular inspections in the sector.” French winemakers emptying wine from a Spanish truck during a protest Le Boulon, ten kilometres forms the French-Spanish border, in April 2016 French farmers block refineries over palm oil imports This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: France sees red after Spanish rose wine found in domestic bottles (2018, July 9) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-07-france-red-spanish-rose-wine.html French investigators found that millions of bottles of rose actually contained Spanish wine France’s consumer fraud agency confirmed Monday that 70,000 hectolitres—the equivalent of 10 million bottles—of Spanish rose were falsely labelled as French vintages by hundreds of producers in 2016 and 2017.According to French daily Le Parisien, which first reported the findings, Spanish rose sold in bulk at the time for just 34 euro cents ($0.40) a litre compared with 75 to 90 cents for French rose.”We were alerted to the ‘Frenchification’ of Spanish wine at the end of 2015,” the consumer agency’s Alexandre Chevallier told the paper.”So we launched an inquiry at all levels, from producers to importers to restaurants and distributors,” he said.Twenty-two percent of the businesses subjected to controls in 2016 and 15 percent in 2017—a total of 743 establishments—were cited for trying to present the foreign wine as French, he explained. Some blatantly passed it off as French, as was the case for bottles showing drawings of French-sounding but fictitious castles, or wines sold by the glass in some restaurants.Others were more subtle, putting “Produced in France” on the front label but “European Community wine” on the back, or embellishing bottles with national symbols like the heraldic lily or a ribbon in the blue, white and red of the French flag.Misleading wine drinkers is no small matter in France: producers could face fraud lawsuits that carry penalties of up to two years in prison and 300,000 euros in fines.